Bonsai gardening originated from China, where it was considered more than just gardening – it was an art form. In those days, all the intricacies of pruning, pinching and cutting could take a lifetime to master. But today, this, once secret, knowledge has become freely available to the public and bonsai growing has spread all over the world. Below is a list of types of the beautiful Chinese trees.
Slant Bonsai Tree: This is probably the most admired type of bonsai tree. The idea is that the tree ‘slants’ to one side, while at the same time its main branch is growing in the opposite direction. The challenge here is that you’ll need to create a well-balanced look and feel to the tree. If done correctly, the effect will be quite stunning. If done incorrectly, your bonsai will look like it’s about to fall over. And if you mess thinks up, that’s exactly what will happen.
The Cascade Type
This one has a very interesting and unique look to it. Here’s the basic idea – the trunk of the tree starts growing upwards (as always), but then quickly turns and proceed to grow in a horizontal direction. It can go right over the edge of the pot, with its branches extending even below the pot surface. This type of growth will be too unstable for most of the tree types. So choose one that has deep and strong roots and use a large pot with lots of soil. If you don’t, the whole tree might tip over. Junipers, Jasmines and Wisteria, are among the best trees that can be used as cascades type bonsai tree.
Formal and Informal Upright Bonsai Types
These are the most basic species of bonsai plant trees you can choose. They are great for beginners who are still trying to find the right touch or learning the basic bonsai growing techniques. The formal upright is an upright growing tree, with nothing much going on. The trunk of the tree must grow straight up in a vertical line. The lowest branch should be the longest, with each next branch being slightly shorter than the one before it. Branches should alternate from left to right. That means that if the first branch points to the left, the second one should point to the right, the third one to the left again and so on. This will create a nicely balanced and visually appealing tree.The only difference to the informal upright type of the tree is that the top branch of the tree isn’t growing vertically, but is instead tipping a little bit to the front. This gives a slight slant to the tree giving it a more organic look and feel.
This is one of the favourite types of a Bonsai tree. As the name indicates, the tree should look as if a strong wind is blowing through its branches. This effect is very hard to achieve, but if done properly it is nothing short of stunning. You will only need to see one Windswept Bonsai, and you’ll understand just how demanding of an art form bonsai growing truly is.